The International Organization for Migration
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading international inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. IOM has a membership of 157 Member States, with further 10 States holding observer status.
IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society. As an intergovernmental organisation, IOM works with its partners to assist in: meeting the operational challenges of migration,advancing understanding of migration issues,encouraging social and economic development through migration and upholding the dignity and well-being of migrants.
IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management namely; migration and development,facilitating migration,regulating migration, and addressing forced migration.
Cross-cutting activities include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.
IOM in the Region
In the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, IOM has field offices in Angola, DRC, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, and also conducts activities and projects in Botswana, Namibia, Madagascar and Malawi. The regional office for Southern Africa is based in Pretoria, South Africa and provides support to missions within the region.
*Bolded countries have IOM field offices
IOM Mission in Zimbabwe
IOM Zimbabwe Mission was established in 1985. Since then IOM has grown tremendously. IOM Zimbabwe is recognised by the Government of Zimbabwe as the principal international inter-governmental organization addressing the entire spectrum of migration issues.
IOM Zimbabwe has an exemplary track record in provision of technical assistance on migration management, emergency response, HIV interventions, health management, protection of migrants’ rights, and dissemination of safe migration information.
IOM Zimbabwe has operational presence in 26 of the country’s 59 districts, across all the country’s provinces. With its head offices in Harare, IOM has a sub office in Mutare.
IOM Zimbabwe’s Areas of Technical Cooperation with the Government of Zimbabwe
IOM Zimbabwe is currently working in collaboration with the Government of Zimbabwe on:
- Provision of technical and capacity building assistance to local authorities and relevant ministries to facilitate the transition of mobile, migrant and displaced populations from a point of vulnerability to the achievement of sustainable, development oriented solutions. IOM supports communities highly impacted by mobility, migration and natural disasters to become more resilient, which includes their ability to withstand the impact of hazards, shocks and stresses in future.
- Provision of technical and capacity building assistance to the Government of Zimbabwe to strengthen national capacities on migration management. In this regard, IOM Zimbabwe works with the Government around the formulation of migration policies in order to harness and maximise the development potential of migration, which include the:
- National Diaspora Policy:
- Migrant Resource Centre in Beitbridge
- National Migration Policy
- National Diaspora Policy:
- Strengthening the Government of Zimbabwe’s capacity to manage safe and legal migration of Zimbabweans and raising awareness and strengthening the capacity of migration management authorities on Integrated Border Management (IBM),
- Strengthening policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks and capacities to effectively counter trafficking in persons into, within and from Zimbabwe. In this regard, IOM supports awareness campaigns in order to sensitise and raise awareness on counter trafficking, provides direct assistance to victims of trafficking and provides technical assistance on identification of traffickers and victims of trafficking,
- Strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Health and Child Care to manage and coordinate various migration health challenges and promote the health of migrants,
- Supporting assisted voluntary returns back to Zimbabwe and resettlement of refugees to various resettlement countries.
IOM Zimbabwe’s Collaboration with Government of Zimbabwe Stakeholder Ministries
IOM collaborates with various stakeholder ministries in the Government of Zimbabwe, which form the Inter Ministerial Committee on Migration. The Inter Ministerial Committee on Migration is composed, among others, of the following Ministries:
- Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare,
- Foreign Affairs,
- Home Affairs (including the Department of Immigration, Registrar General’s Department and the Zimbabwe Republic Police),
- Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development,
- Primary and Secondary Education,
- Health and Child Care,
- Finance (including Zimbabwe National Statistical Office),
- Local Government Public Works and National Housing,
- Youth, Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment,
- Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs,
- Women Affairs, Gender and Community Development,
- Media, Information and Broadcasting Services,
- Small and Medium Enterprises and Cooperative Development and
- Lands and Rural Resettlement
Zimbabwe as a Member State of IOM
Zimbabwe became a member state of IOM in 2002 and participates in the IOM Annual Council Meetings. In 2011, Zimbabwe was elected into the IOM Council as a rapporteur at the 100th session of the IOM Council Meeting held in Geneva in December 2011. In 2012, Zimbabwe was elected into the IOM Council Bureau as Second Vice-Chairperson at the 101st Session of the IOM Council. Zimbabwe ratified the amendments to the IOM constitution. IOM Zimbabwe has a technical cooperation agreement with the Government of Zimbabwe, signed and renewed in 1990 and 2007 respectively. IOM Zimbabwe enjoys excellent relations with the Government of Zimbabwe and is duly accredited as a diplomatic mission in Zimbabwe.
IOM Zimbabwe and the United Nations
IOM Zimbabwe is part of the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). The UNCT and HCT are the highest level inter-agency coordination and decision making bodies for UN support to the Government of Zimbabwe and humanitarian interventions respectively. Accordingly, IOM participates in the development of emergency response plans which identify, prioritize needs and ensure a coordinated response in emergency situations. Further, IOM participates in the development and implementation of the Zimbabwe United Nations Development Assistance Framework (ZUNDAF), a strategic planning instrument jointly formulated by the UNCT and the Government of Zimbabwe to identify national humanitarian and development priorities.